The 26-year-old produced a neat flick from a corner that went through a defender’s legs before beating the goalkeeper on 17 minutes.
The goal also saw the Barcelona star write her name into the history books. She becomes the first Netherlands played to score at two World Cups and can also lay claim to having scored her country’s fastest goal World Cup goal.
Martens then popped up with the winner in the 90th minute from the penalty spot after a handball from Saki Kumagai. Netherlands go on to play Italy in the quarter-finals in Saturday.